Journal of Dental Rehabilitation and Applied Science:eISSN 2384-4272 pISSN 2384-4353

Table. 3.

Differences in scores between groups were analyzed for each scoring item pertaining to carved tooth

S Group N Mean SD Median Mean rank Rank sum U Z P (two-tailed) Effect size
S1 G1 50 7.08 1.43 6.00 31.37 1568.50 293.500 5.902 0.000* 0.707
G2 40 9.10 1.01 9.00 63.16 2526.50
S2 G1 50 6.78 1.00 6.00 29.69 1484.50 209.500 6.591 0.000* 0.790
G2 40 8.70 0.99 9.00 65.26 2610.50
S3 G1 50 6.86 1.31 6.00 29.43 1467.00 192.000 6.814 0.000* 0.808
G2 40 9.28 1.01 10.00 65.70 2628.00
S4 G1 50 6.92 1.18 6.00 31.56 1578.00 303.000 5.826 0.000* 0.697
G2 40 8.65 1.10 9.00 62.93 2517.00
S5 G1 50 6.60 0.95 6.00 27.29 1364.50 89.500 7.678 0.000* 0.910
G2 40 9.28 0.96 10.00 68.26 2730.50
S6 G1 50 6.70 1.07 6.00 29.68 1484.00 209.000 6.705 0.000* 0.791
G2 40 9.08 1.35 10.00 65.28 2611.00
S7 G1 50 6.16 0.47 6.00 29.68 1484.00 209.000 7.069 0.000* 0.791
G2 40 7.63 1.00 8.00 65.28 2611.00
S8 G1 50 6.28 0.73 6.00 29.71 1485.50 210.500 6.930 0.000* 0.789
G2 40 7.95 1.11 8.00 65.24 2609.50
S9 G1 50 16.90 1.18 16.00 31.52 1576.00 301.000 5.865 0.000* 0.699
G2 40 18.68 1.12 19.00 62.98 2519.00

G1: In 2021, a group of students engaged in tooth carving practice using a conventional textbook, G2: In 2022, a group of students engaged in tooth carving practice using an augmented reality mobile application that provided a step-by-step guide, N: number of carved tooth, S: scoring items, S1: mesiodistal to labiolingual length ratio, S2: mesial and distal length, S3: cervical curvature, S4: slope of the labial surface, S5: shape of fossa, S6: shape of ridges, S7: shape of developmental groove, S8: shape of incisal edge, S9: difference between mesial and distal surface, geometric shape for each surface, SD: standard deviation.

*P < 0.05.

J Dent Rehabil Appl Sci 2023;39:69-78 https://doi.org/10.14368/jdras.2023.39.2.69
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