Journal of Dental Rehabilitation and Applied Science:eISSN 2384-4272 pISSN 2384-4353

Table. 3.

Table. 3.

Summary of outcomes in the treatment of excessive gingival display

Study Pre- treatment gingival exposure (mm) Post- treatment gingival exposure (mm) Improvement degree Satisfaction evaluation Short term adverse events Treatment longevity (weeks)
Polo, 20056 4.2 mm 0 mm None none None 12 - 24
Polo, 200812 5.2 mm 0.09 mm 98% at 2 (W) Average patient satisfaction was 4.66 on a 5-point scale A little discomfort* > 24
Mazzuco and Hexsel, 20107 Anterior GS None None 96% at 20 - 30 days none None 12 - 20
Posterior GS None None 61.1% at 20 - 30 days none None 12 - 20
Mixed GS None None 90.1% at 20 - 30 days none One patientslightly asymmetric smile, One patient- “sad smile” 12 - 20
Asymmetric GS None None 71.9% at 20 - 30 days none None 12 - 20
Sucupira and Abramovitz, 201213 3.62 mm 0.58 mm 84% at 2 (W) Average patient satisfaction was 9.75 on a 10-point scale Average pain was 1.74 on a 10-point scale > 12
Singh et al., 201414 4 mm 0.8 mm 80% at 2 (W) Based on VAS assessment, all patients were pleased with the treatment results None 24
Suber et al., 201415 Central incisor 4.89 mm 0.75 mm 85% at 2 (W) Based on 5-point scale, 13 of 14 participants were satisfied with their results None 12
Canine 4.25 mm 0.74 mm
Al Wayli, 201916 7.2 mm ± 1.77 1.15 mm ± 0.74 6.05 mm at 12 (W) Based on 5-point scale, participants were satisfied with their results None 24 - 36
Cengiz et al., 202017 Group 1 4.92 1.92 3.0 mm at 2 (W) Based on VAS assessment, all patients were pleased with the treatment results None 24
Group 2 4.58 2.16 2.42 mm at 2 (W)
Hexsel et al., 202018 2.5 U 3.5 mm ± 1.2 1.5 mm ± 1.7 2.1 mm at 4 (W) Survey on the degree of improvement and satisfaction were satisfied with their results None 12
5 U 4.0 mm ± 1.0 0.6 mm ± 1.8 3.5 mm at 4 (W)
7.5 U 5.2 mm ± 0.8 2.2 mm ± 1.4 2.9 mm at 4 (W)

GS, gummy smile; (W), weeks.

A little discomfort*, Eight subjects reported pain at injection sites and 4 subjects reported twitching at the injection site. One subject experienced headache and 1 subject experienced dizziness.

J Dent Rehabil Appl Sci 2021;37:61-72 https://doi.org/10.14368/jdras.2021.37.2.61
© 2021 J Dent Rehabil Appl Sci