Journal of Dental Rehabilitation and Applied Science:eISSN 2384-4272 pISSN 2384-4353

Table. 1.

Table. 1.

Characteristics of the study population according to chewing problem

Variables Without CP (n = 4442) With CP (n = 1360) P/χ2
Age 48.0 (16.2) 61.1 (14.9) < 0.001
Sex Male 2014 (42.8%) 633 (44.4%)
Female 2689 (57.2%) 792 (55.6%)
BMI * 23.9 (3.5) 24.1 (3.6) 0.039
Level of depression None (0 - 4) 3645 (77.5%) 929 (65.2%) < 0.001
Mild (5 - 9) 580 (12.3%) 252 (17.7%)
Moderate (10 - 14) 123 (2.6%) 92 (6.5%)
Moderately severe (15 - 19) 56 (1.2%) 50 (3.5%)
Severe (20 - 27) 299 (6.4%) 102 (7.2%)
Smoking status Non-smoker 2975 (63.3%) 778 (54.6%) < 0.001
Ex-smoker 919 (19.5%) 326 (22.9%)
Current smoker 809 (17.2%) 321 (22.5%)
Problematic Alcohol Consumption None 4129 (87.8%) 1273 (89.3%) < 0.115
Yes 574 (12.2%) 152 (10.7%)
Household income Low 718 (15.3%) 488 (34.4%) < 0.001
Low-moderate 1094 (23.4%) 412 (29.0%)
Moderate-high 1390 (29.7%) 272 (19.2%)
High 1482 (31.6%) 248 (17.5%)
Educational level ≤ 6 678 (15.3%) 580 (42.6%) < 0.001
7 - 9 396 (8.9%) 200 (14.7%)
10 - 12 1489 (33.5%) 358 (26.3%)
≥ 13 1879 (42.3%) 222 (16.3%)
Comorbidities, n(%)
Hypertension 956 (20.3%) 560 (39.3%) < 0.001
Dyslipidemia 692 (14.7%) 340 (23.9%) < 0.001
Stroke 57 (1.2%) 71 (5.0%) < 0.001
Myocardial infarction 99 (2.2%) 78 (5.7%) < 0.001
Asthma 106 (2.3%) 59 (4.1%) < 0.001
Diabetes mellitus 370 (7.9%) 255 (17.9%) < 0.001
Chronic kidney disease 17 (0.4%) 8 (0.6%) 0.032
Liver cirrhosis 9 (0.2%) 7 (0.5%) 0.008

BMI indicates body mass index; CP chewing problems.

* Body mass index was categorized into underweight (< 18.5 kg/m2), normal (18.5 - 24.9 kg/m2), and obese (> 25.0 kg/m2).

J Dent Rehabil Appl Sci 2020;36:12-20 https://doi.org/10.14368/jdras.2020.36.1.12
© 2020 J Dent Rehabil Appl Sci