Journal of Dental Rehabilitation and Applied Science:eISSN 2384-4272 pISSN 2384-4353

Table. 2.

Table. 2.

Differential diagnosis of burning mouth syndrome (BMS)

Differential diagnosis
1 Local factors
- Rough restorative material
- Allergic contact stomatitis on dental materials
- Caustic oral rinses, acidic foods
- Parafunctional habits such as cheek/lip/mucosa biting
2 Oral Candidiasis
3 Mucous skin disease
- Lichen planus, lichenoid reaction, benign mucous membrane pemphigoid, pemphigus
4 Viral disease
- Herpes simplex, herpes zoster, postherpetic neuralgia
5 Nutrition deficiency
- Iron, zinc, vitamin B complex (specially vitamin B12)
6 Hypothyroidism
7 Diabetes mellitus
8 Gastrointestinal disorder
- Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), gastritis (Helicobacter pylori infection)
9 Xerostomia
- Sjögren’s syndrome, radiation therapy, Drug-induced stress
- Saliva reduction due to aging
J Dent Rehabil Appl Sci 2019;35:123-31 https://doi.org/10.14368/jdras.2019.35.3.123
© 2019 J Dent Rehabil Appl Sci